All over the world, there are tons of hazardous chemicals and substances being transported every year. This makes it a very important topic to ensure if the dangerous goods are being transported the right way with safety. And when we talk about the dangerous goods, these can contain everything from explosives, flammables, corrosive or toxic chemicals to spent reactor fuel, low-level radioactive wastes, etc.
We all understand that proper safety measures are taken by the transporters during the process, but the fact here is that many accidents involving these substances on highways are reported each year and most of them even go unreported.
Keeping the safety of the people involved in working with the dangerous substances in mind, the Transportation of Dangerous Goods Regulations (TDG) was created. The prime goal of the regulations was to ensure minimizing the danger posed by transporting, offering, and handling hazardous materials to those using highways or any other method of transportation.
What are Dangerous goods?
When we talk about the dangerous goods, many people still get confused about what it actually mean and what kind of products or items are included in this category. To closely understand the topic, it is very important to have a TDG training that will not just give you a comprehensive TDG certification, but also offers you a detailed information about this topic.
Dangerous goods are any product or substance that is classified as dangerous under the regulations or by its nature conforms to the classification criteria for one or more classes of dangerous goods. If we talk in simple words, the dangerous goods are the materials or items that come with hazardous properties. If not properly handled during the transportation process, they can present a potential hazard to human health and safety, infrastructure and/ or their means of transport. This makes it very important to take every possible measure to ensure safety during the transportation process of the dangerous substances.
Who does this affect?
According to the terms and conditions by TDG regulations, it is mandatory for everyone, involved in the handling or transporting of the dangerous goods, to have a TDG training. A TDG employee can be any individual who is part of the job that directly affects dangerous goods. It can be either self-employed, or employed by a TDG employer.
The prime goal of the TDG regulations is to help promote the safe and secure transportation of the dangerous and hazardous material through effective communication of information concerning the dangers of the materials being transported. This teaches the professionals to carefully handle the goods and avoid any kind of incidents. However, in case any such incident occurs, emergency responders are properly prepared.
How to Ship Dangerous Goods?
The process of shipping the dangerous goods can be really tricky. You cannot just pack the dangerous goods and put them on a ship, believing that this can be just transported with any other package or container. Here are the steps that need to be followed when shipping the dangerous goods.
Step 1 – Go through the Safety Data Sheet (SDS) to determine if the item you are shipping might be a dangerous good. The SDS can be easily obtained from the manufacturer of the products that you plan to ship by air, and check the transportation information section.
Step 2 – In case the item falls in the category of dangerous goods, the FAA recommends to perform a needs assessment analysis to ensure choosing the right person who will be performing a hazmat function.
Step 3 – The training is important that includes general and security awareness, safety, and function-specific training. The professional responsible for performing Hazmat is important to receive recurrent training every three years.
Step 4 – The trained professional will look up the material in the Hazardous Materials Table to determine the authorized quantities permitted to be shipped. It is also helpful in knowing the labels required, and the allowable packaging as per the 49 CFR Part 173 or the applicable ICAO TI packing instruction.
Step 5 – Now it comes to determine the quantity and packaging requirements for the shipment process.
Step 6 – In case the dangerous goods package or container requires UN-Specification packaging, make sure to read the package closure instructions and obtain all the materials listed. The information should be carefully understood to ensure safety of the package during the shipping process.
Step 7 – Now comes the part where the professional will do the marking and also provide shipping paper/shippers declaration.
Step 8 – Mark and label the package.
Step 9 – When using a combination packaging, make sure to put the material in its inner packaging in accordance with the closure instructions.
Step 10 – Fix the shipping paper outside the package in an unobstructed area. Your shipment of dangerous goods is ready to be shipped.